About the Journal

Journal Description

Vidyottama Sanatana: International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies (pISSN: 2550-0643 and eISSN: 2550-0651) publish by Institut Hindu Dharma Negeri Denpasar.

Vidyottama Sanatana: International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies, particularly focuses on the Hindu Science and Religious Studies areas as follows: 1) Religious Education, 2) Religious Letters, 3) Theology, 4) Religious Philosophy, 5) Religious Cultural, and 6) Religion Science.

Vidyottama Sanatana International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies is indexed by: DOAJ, Copernicus, Google Scholar, Moraref, Sinta, and accredited by The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education (KEMENRISTEKDIKTI) No: 10/E/KPT/2019

Journal History

Vidyottama Sanatana International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies is published twice a year in May and October. Starting from Vol. 2 No. 1 2018, every issue consists of 15 articles and therefore, every volume consists of 30 articles.

Focus and Scope of Journal

The aim of this journal publication is to disseminate the conceptual thoughts or ideas and research results that have been achieved in the area of Hindu Science and Religious Studies.

Vidyottama Sanatana International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies, particularly focuses on the Hindu Science and Religious Studies areas as follows:

1. Religious Education

2. Religious Letters

3. Theology

4. Religious Philosophy

5. Religious Cultural

6. Religion Science

Publication Scheduling

Vidyottama Sanatana International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies is published twice a year in May and October. Starting from Vol. 2 No. 1 2018, every issue consists of 15 articles and therefore, every volume consists of 30 articles.

Peer Review Process

The Journal operates a peer review process and promotes double blind reviewing.

The acceptance or rejection of articles will be decided by the editorial boards based on the review results supplied by the reviewers.

There are no communications between authors and editors concerning the rejection decision.

Authors whose papers are rejected will be informed with the reasons of the rejection.


Vidyottama Sanātana, is derived from Sanskrit, namely vidya + uttama + sanātana; vidya means ‘knowledge’, uttama means ‘eminent’ and sanātana means ‘eternal’.  Those three words refer to the word ‘Veda’ which means ‘the eternal knowledge’.  There are two types of knowledge implied in the meaning of word Veda or ‘Vidyottama Sanātana’, those are parāvidyā and aparāvidyā; parāvidyā is the knowledge which is beyond the ‘positivistic epistemology level’. In other words, parāvidyā is the knowledge that goes beyond the logical positivistic framework which is based on the truth of the five senses. Parāvidyā is the “spiritual” knowledge which guarantees the achievement of human life that is the realization of the self-awareness which allows one to achieve unity with God.  This is one of the contents of parāvidyā knowledge. In other hand, aparāvidyā is the knowledge that is in accordance with the Western terms, which is called “positivistic knowledge’ which then gave birth to ‘science’ and ‘technology’. That is the nature or meaning contained in the word Veda and also Vidyottama Sanātana.

The above description is in accordance with the Mundaka Upanisad I.1.4 which states that: “There are two kinds of knowledge that should be understood and practiced equally by mankind, as stated by a wise man who has understood the nature of Brahman, that there are two kinds of knowledge, the higher knowledge called spiritual or metaphysical knowledge (parāvidyā) and the lower knowledge called scientific knowledge or science and technology (aparāvidyā). One would become intelligent and religious human by mastering both kinds of knowledge parāvidyā and aparāvidyā. This description is aligned with Albert Einstein’s statement when the world suffered from a catastrophic bombing in World War II. Einstein said that: ‘science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind’. Since Einstein’ saying became a popular, the intellectual community began to realize the importance of religion and the focus back to the religious and spiritual knowledge.  What was realized and stated by Einstein had been formatted into one single Hindus knowledge structure which is called parāvidyā and aparāvidyā, and that is Veda. 

This Vidyottama Sanātana international journal is using ‘kalpa vṛksa’ (mythological tree) stated in ‘Itihasa’, ‘Purana’ and ‘Upanishad’ manuscripts in the form of a banyan tree which roots are in the sky while the twigs and leaves stuck into the earth, used as a symbol of this international journal. The symbol and description of kalpa vṛksa tree also contain a meaning that world knowledge (science and technology) is sourced from the God, as stated in Bhagavadgita, sloka IX.17.  

The tree of knowledge that originates in the Hindu Vedas has a unique shape and epistemology structure, which differ from the epistemology structure of the Western knowledge. Western tradition explicitly separates between parāvidyā (spiritual knowledge) and aparāvidyā (secular, science and technology); otherwise the Eastern tradition (Hindu) precisely, holistically and harmoniously integrates those two types of knowledge. At the beginning, the West does not recognize the typology and epistemology structure of Hindu knowledge, but later, in line with the advances in science and technology, the West begin to accept it. This was initiated by the awareness of Einstein's religious needs, and also the recognition of the West against Hindu sciences such as Arthur Schopenhauer, a German philosopher who wants to die pillowed by Upanishads manuscripts. It is similar to Carl Edward Sagan, an American scientist, an expert in the field of astronomy, cosmology, Astrophysics, and Astrobiology. He greatly admired Hindu cosmology and declared that there is no knowledge structure cosmology as powerful as Hindu has. Fritjof Capra a scientist in the field of quantum physics states that the knowledge of Hindu surpassed Western scientific knowledge which is limited. In addition, NASA scientists recently stated that Deva Nagari letter or letters of Sanskrit is the only letter that can be used as a digital symbol to operate the spacecraft computer devices. In addition, knowledge of yoga which is rooted in Hindu philosophy has become science and technology that has been developed by different scientists in different parts of the world today. There are many more examples of Hindu knowledge of truth which is in line with the principles of logical knowledge.

Finally, in order to realize a more concrete and convincing typology and Hindu Knowledge epistemology to the world’s scientist, Denpasar State Hindu Dharma Institute as one of the institutions of scientific education, inhabited by Hindu Intellectuals, is responsible for exposing all the wealth of Hindu knowledge that seems to be buried in the bottom of the ocean. Exploration and socialization of Hindu knowledge is expected to contribute on the realization of the safe, harmonious, peaceful and prosperous world community, so that happiness is not only a fantasy in heaven, but become real in the world.

Publication Ethics

Duties of Authors

  1. Reporting Standards: 
    Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.
  2. Data Access and Retention: 
    Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.
  3. Originality and Plagiarism: The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.
  4. Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication: 
    An author should not, in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
  5. Acknowledgement of Sources: 
    Proper acknowledgement of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.
  6. Authorship of the Paper: 
    Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
  7. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: 
    All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or another substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
  8. Fundamental errors in published works: 
    When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
  9. Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects: 
    If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.

Duties of Editors

  1. Fair Play: 
    An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
  2. Confidentiality: 
    The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
  3. Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest: 
    Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own research without the express written consent of the author.
  4. Publication Decisions: 
    The editor board journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editors may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
  5. Review of Manuscripts: 
    The editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for originality. The editor should organise and use peer review fairly and wisely. Editors should explain their peer review processes in the information for authors and also indicate which parts of the journal are peer reviewed. The editor should use appropriate peer reviewers for papers that are considered for publication by selecting people with sufficient expertise and avoiding those with conflicts of interest.

Duties of Reviewers

  1. Contribution to Editorial Decisions:
    Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.
  2. Promptness: 
    Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process
  3. Standards of Objectivity: 
    Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
  4. Confidentiality: 
    Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorised by the editor.
  5. Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: 
    Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
  6. Acknowledgement of Sources: 
    Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge

Plagiarism Screening

Before going to review process, all manuscripts will be checked that they are free from plagiarism practice using "Turnitin" software. If there an indication of plagiarism, the manuscript will instantly be rejected.

Copyright Transfer Agreement

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors should sign copyright transfer agreement when they have approved the final proofs sent by Vidyottama Sanatana International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies prior the publication


Vidyottama Sanatana International Journal of Hindu Science and Religious Studies does not charge any processing or publishing fees for every article published.

Review Guidelines

Review Process of Manuscript: Initial Review

  1. Read the abstract to be sure that you have the expertise to review the article. Don’t be afraid to say no to reviewing an article if there is the good reason.
  2. Read information provided by the journal for reviewers so you will know: a) The type of manuscript (e.g., a review article, technical note, original research) and the journal’s expectations/parameters for that type of manuscript.; b) Other journal requirements that the manuscript must meet (e.g., length, citation style).
  3. Know the journal’s scope and mission to make sure that the topic of the paper fits in the scope.
  4. Ready? Read through entire manuscript initially to see if the paper is worth publishing- only make a few notes about major problems if such exist: a) Is the question of interest sound and significant?; b) Was the design and/or method used adequately or fatally flawed? (for original research papers); c) Were the results substantial enough to consider publishable (or were only two or so variables presented or resulted so flawed as to render the paper unpublishable)?
  5. What is your initial impression? If the paper is: a) Acceptable with only minor comments/questions: solid, interesting, and new; sound methodology used; results were well presented; discussion well formulated with Interpretations based on sound science reasoning, etc., with only minor comments/questions, move directly to writing up review; b) Fatally flawed so you will have to reject it: move directly to writing up review; c) A mixture somewhere in the range of “revise and resubmit” to “accepted with major changes” or you’re unsure if it should be rejected yet or not: It may be a worthy paper, but there are major concerns that would need to be addressed.

 Full Review Process of Manuscript

  1. Writing: Is the manuscript easy to follow, that is, has a logical progression and evident organisation?
  2. Is the manuscript concise and understandable? Any parts that should be reduced,
  3. Eliminated/expanded/added?
  4. Note if there are major problems with mechanics: grammar, punctuation, spelling. (If there are just a few places that aren’t worded well or correctly, make a note to tell the author the specific places. If there are consistent problems throughout, only select an example or two if need be- don’t try and edit the whole thing).
  5. Abbreviations: Used judiciously and are composed such that reader won’t have trouble remembering what an abbreviation represents.
  6. Follows style, format and other rules of the journal.
  7. Citations are provided when providing evidence-based information from outside sources.


  1. Articles submitted to the Journal should normally be between 5,000 to 7,000 words or between 14-17 pages with single space and should be accompanied by an abstract of not more than 300 words, containing the importance of the topic, the gap between theory and practice or between reality and expectation, or lacks of studies, objectives of the present study, method, findings, and conclusion.
  2. On the abstract, explicitly write in bold: Introduction, objective of the papers, method, findings, and conclusion. 
  3. Below the abstract, about three to five keywords should appear together with the main body of the article with the font size 12.
  4. The Journal operates a peer review process and promotes blind reviewing. To facilitate this process, author’s names (without academic titles), institutional affiliations, and the email address of the corresponding author should appear only on a detachable cover sheet.
  5. Contributor(s) should include a short CV describing his/her/their current position and activities in not more than 80 words.
  6. Articles should be written in English in single space, using Microsoft Word, font size 12, Times New Roman, top and left margin 3 cm, bottom and right margin 2.54 cm, printed in Letters.
  7. Insert a header on even page indicating name of the Journal, Volume, Number, month, and year, and page number of the publication. On odd page, insert the author(s) and a few words of the title of the articles.
  8. Footnotes should appear at the end of the text, not at the foot of the relevant page. Page number should be inserted at the bottom, placed on the right.
  9. Write the main body of the article in two columns, except for tables and figures. Use first line indent of 1 cm, but no indent for first paragraph right after the main title and first paragraph after subheadings.
  10. Block citation should be 1 cm indented with the font size 11.
  11. For research-based  articles, the outline used is: introduction (without heading or subheading),  method, findings and discussion, conclusion, and references.
  12. The title should be less than 12 words, capitalized, centered, with font zize 14.
  13. The introduction should consist of the background of the study, research contexts, literary review, and research objective. All introduction should be presented in the forms of paragraphs, not pointers, with the proportion of 15-20% of the whole article length.
  14. The method section consists of  description concerning the  research design, data sources, data collection, and data analysis with the proportion of  10-15% of the total article length, all presented in the form of paragraphs.
  15. The findings and discussion section consist of description of the results of the data analysis to answer the research question(s) and their meanings seen from current theories and references of the area addressed. The proportion of  this section is 40-60% of the total article length.
  16. The conclusion section consists of the summary, restatement of  the main findings.
  17. Use only horizontal lines when using tables. Put table number and the title of the table on top of it.
  18. Every source cited in the body of the article should appear in the reference, and all sources appearing in the reference should be cited in the body of the article.
  19. The sources cited should at least 80% come from those published in the last 10 years. The sources cited are primary sources in the forms of journal articles, books, and research reports, including theses and dissertations. Citations from journal should be at least 80% of the total references cited.
  20. Citation is done using bracket (last name and year of publication). When the sources are cited verbatim, page number is included (p. 78 or pp. 78-89).
  21. Proofs will be sent to the author for correction, and should be returned to vidyottamasanatana@gmail.com by the deadline given.
  22. Quotation and references follows APA style and the latter should be included at the end of the article



  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access)

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Privacy Statement

Names and email addresses entered on the journal's website will only be used for the purposes already mentioned, it will not be misused for any other purpose or to any other party.