Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika <p align="left">Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi (ISSN Online <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1583804819" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2722-8576</a> dan ISSN Cetak <a href="https://issn.brin.go.id/terbit/detail/1180424863" target="_blank" rel="noopener">1978-7014</a>) diterbitkan oleh Universitas Hindu Negeri I Gusti Bagus Sugriwa Denpasar dan dikelola oleh Program Studi Teologi Hindu Universitas Hindu Negeri I Gusti Bagus Sugriwa Denpasar adalah jurnal ilmiah bertujuan untuk mewujudkan tipologi dan pengetahuan Hindu yang lebih konkret dan meyakinkan untuk ilmuwan dunia. Universitas Hindu Negeri I Gusti Bagus Sugriwa Denpasar sebagai salah satu lembaga pendidikan ilmiah, bertanggung jawab untuk mengungkap semua khazanah pengetahuan Hindu, mengeksplorasikan, dan mensosialisasikan pengetahuan Hindu sehingga dapat berkontribusi terhadap kemajuan sumber daya Hindu</p> <p>Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi, berfokus pada bidang : 1) Teologi; 2) Studi Agama; 3) Sastra Agama; dan 4) Ilmu Budaya.</p> Universitas Hindu Negeri I Gusti Bagus Sugriwa Denpasar en-US Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 1978-7014 Commodification of Sanghyang Dedari Dance in Bona Village, Blahbatuh District, Gianyar Regency, Bali Province https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika/article/view/2990 <p><strong><em>Abstract</em></strong></p> <p><em>This article examines and analyzes the Sanghyang Dedari Dance which has experienced commodification in Bona Village. As one of the sacred arts performed in a state of trance, at first the Sanghyang Dance was performed only for spiritual purposes, but now the Sanghyang Dance has experienced commodification in the era of globalization in line with the development of tourism and science and technology. The method used in this study is qualitative with a phenomenology approach. The results showed that the Sanghyang Dance in Bona Village was only the Sanghyang Dedari dance, this dance is still performed regularly from the past until now only at the Bona Village Temple, apart from that as a tourism need the Sanghyang dance is also staged in hotels as a dance performance. reconstructed with the presence of additional elements such as accompaniment of Kecak. Broadly speaking, there are similarities and differences in the Sanghyang dance as a sacred dance and as a performance dance. The similarities are that the dancers are selected according to the criteria of being pure and the clothes used are the same, while the difference lies in the preparation process until the dance is performed, the instruments used, the duration and the accompaniment.</em></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: <strong>Reconstruction, Sanghyang Dedari Dance, Commodification.</strong></em></p> I Ketut Gede Harsana I Gede Pasek Mancapara Copyright (c) 2023 Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 2023-11-24 2023-11-24 14 2 217 231 10.25078/sphatika.v14i2.2990 Konstruksi Teologi Hindu dalam Menghilangkan Budaya Mengemis dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat Munti Gunung https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika/article/view/2870 <p><em>This research departs from the cultural phenomenon of begging in the Munti Gunung community which has been going on for a long time, and has even become a label that has been passed down from generation to generation. Various kinds of efforts have been made by the government to overcome this problem, but it has not had the maximum impact, even this culture of begging still exists. Departing from this problem, the authors try to conduct a study to look critically at the culture of begging from society with sociological and theological approaches, so that they can see the culture of begging as a whole. As for the results of the data analysis obtained, namely the culture of begging is inseparable from the socio-graphic conditions of the Munti Gunung community which can be said to be arid and located in the interior and hills, this is a factor that causes the community to experience difficulties in processing nature to fulfill economic aspects. This culture of begging also creates a contradiction between religious and social issues. On the religious aspect, the culture of begging is the impact of a curse from the goddess Danu from past events. Then from the social aspect, begging is a social problem that disturbs the image of the Balinese people. In overcoming the culture of begging, people are starting to become aware of it by building a theological attitude, namely by various activities that build people's spirit and motivation to improve. This is of course also supported by various parties. The problems and efforts made certainly require a long process.</em></p> I Wayan Sunampan Putra Copyright (c) 2023 Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 14 2 117 125 10.25078/sphatika.v14i2.2870 Dimensi Aksiologis pada Tata Letak Bangunan di Bali Berdasarkan Lontar Asta Kosala Kosali https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika/article/view/3038 <p><em>Bali is unique in its traditions, culture, religious practices, and architecture. All of these are a legacy from generation to generation. The form of Balinese architecture is strongly influenced by the values that are always maintained to remain the identity and uniqueness of the Balinese people. This research aims to explore the value system that develops in Balinese society, with how the value system frames the various cultural diversity owned by Bali, including Balinese architecture. This research uses a qualitative descriptive method with a phenomenological approach. The results of this study show that Balinese design and architecture are strongly influenced by the concept of Tri Hita Karana, a concept in Balinese society as a process of maintaining balance and harmony between God, humans and nature. The concept of Tri Hita Karana is then applied in Balinese architecture in the form of Tri Mandala, which is three spaces that divide one yard. Balinese architecture in Lontar Asta Kosala Kosali is also influenced by the concept of Sanga Mandala as a form of application of the concept of Dewata Nawa Sańga. Then the axiological dimension in the building layout in Bali has religious value, eco-theological value, aesthetic value, and also cultural value. Then, the challenges of Balinese architecture in this era of globalization position that the concept and layout of buildings in Bali still use concepts and also philosophical values that develop in Balinese society, despite regional limitations, but the axiological dimension on a small scale can still be maintained.</em></p> Gede Agus Siswadi Septiana Dwiputri Maharani Copyright (c) 2023 Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 14 2 126 141 10.25078/sphatika.v14i2.3038 Kontribusi Pura Dasar Buana Amerta Jati Siwa Buda dalam Pengembangan Bahan Ajar Prodi Teologi Hindu STAHN Mpu Kuturan Singaraja https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika/article/view/3053 <p><em>Dasar Buana Amerta Jati Siwa Buda temple </em><em>is a temple located in Tajun Village, Kubutambahan District, Buleleng Regency. The location of this temple is between a cliff and a forest. However, the uniqueness of the temple is reflected in the presence of different cultures in one temple area. In the innards of the temple there is a Meru building as a symbol of Hinduism and a stupa as a symbol of Buddhism. Until now there are still Buddhists who are active in praying to </em><em>Dasar Buana Amerta Jati Siwa Buda temple</em><em>, especially when the piodalan day arrives. Thus </em><em>Dasar Buana Amerta Jati Siwa Buda temple </em><em>provides space for Hindus and Buddhists to develop an attitude of tolerance. Moving on from this, the </em><em>Dasar Buana Amerta Jati Siwa Buda temple </em><em>has contributed to the development of teaching materials at the Hindu Theology Study Program STAHN Mpu Kuturan Singaraja. Contributions can be seen in the development of teaching materials for Shiva Siddhanta, Social Theology, and Hindu Cultural History courses. With the </em><em>Dasar Buana Amerta Jati Siwa Buda temple </em><em>as a learning medium, students do not only learn in theory. Both lecturers and students find it easier to develop learning activities.</em></p> Ni Made Evi Kurnia Dewi I Wayan Kariarta Komang Heriyanti Heri Copyright (c) 2023 Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 14 2 142 150 10.25078/sphatika.v14i2.3053 Nilai Susila dalam Susastra Hindu dan Implementasinya pada Kehidupan Sehari-Hari https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika/article/view/2909 <h1><em>The </em><em>Tri Kerangka Dasar Agama Hindu</em> <em>is the foundation of life for Hindus which is fundamental. As a reference for the implementation of religion, the </em><em>Tri Kerangka Dasar Agama Hindu</em> <em>consists of three parts, namely tattva, susila, and ācāra. Morality is the basis of the behavior of a religious person whereas morality itself is the philosophical foundation regarding whether an action must be carried out or not following ethical behavior. The teaching of morality introduces Hindus to ethics, morals, and social ethics. Today there are cases of moral violations in the life of religious people. Indonesia with high heterogeneity visualizes how diverse the hustle and bustle of social society is. Hindus also experience problems within their bodies. Many devotees of various generations touch the Vedas very rarely. Even though reading the Veda is a form of religious literacy. Thus, this research aims to bring the Vedas closer to Hindus regarding their moral teachings in them. The research method in writing this article is the documentation method which explores reference sources from the sacred Vedic literature, both the Sruti Vedas and the Smrti Vedas. In this article one of the Vedic Sruti sections that is referred to is the Rigveda Samhita while in the Veda Smrti, this article refers to the holy book Bhagavad Gita. The result is that there is a crystallization of the two reference sources of Hindu literature, namely: the Value of Honesty, the Value of Unity, and the Value of Self-Control.</em></h1> Made Mardika Gede Nanda Jaya Pratama Ni Komang Sutriyanti Copyright (c) 2023 Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 14 2 151 164 10.25078/sphatika.v14i2.2909 Membangun Gerakan Moderasi Beragama Melalui Seni Pertunjukan https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika/article/view/3120 <p><em>Exclusive religious viewpoints and attitudes will ultimately give birth to various destructive practices in the form of religious intolerance and violence. This cannot be allowed to continue to grow and develop. This is the sacred duty of every component of the nation. Arts education institutions or arts groups can take a role in efforts to realize the principle of moderation in religion in order to safeguard and maintain the integrity of the nation, by conducting studies, socializing and internalizing the principle of moderation so that it can give birth to education. education. a big movement called the movement for religious moderation through the medium of performing arts. The religious moderation movement stems from (1) the development of extreme religious views, attitudes and practices, (2) the development of subjective truth claims and coercion of will over religious interpretations, and (3) the development of religious enthusiasm that is not in accordance with religion. according to religion. in line with national love within the framework of the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. A responsive attitude towards the phenomenon of social change will ultimately be able to produce 'renewal'. The renewal here is not a religious renewal, but rather an intellectual tradition. Where intellectual traditions are usually dynamic, creative and innovative so that religion becomes lasting and actively provides solutions to various life problems. This is where art can be an effective catalyst in the movement for religious moderation. Universal art can provide space to foster religious moderation. The existence of art from various Indonesian cultures should be able to play a role in developing and maintaining a moderate attitude as a glue and unifier of the nation.</em></p> I Komang Suastika Arimbawa Copyright (c) 2023 Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 14 2 165 175 10.25078/sphatika.v14i2.3120 Mengenal Tika sebagai Kalender Bali Kuno dalam Kaitannya dengan Ilmu Jyotisha https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika/article/view/3054 <p><em>A calendar is one item whose function and use is very important at home or in the office, because from the calendar humans get information related to the time period of the day, date, month and year. One of them is the past calendar system used by the ancient Hindu community which used a calendar system known as the Tika Calendar. The Tika calendar is an object that is generally made of wood to see the day, rest and determine the dewasa ayu or auspicious days by using various special signs to determine the time period of the dewasa ayu. To read Tika, knowledge of Wariga science and understanding of special signs in the form of images or symbols that are displayed on the Tika are needed. The basic form of Tika is a picture of 30 wuku columns and 7 rows depicting the 7 long days of each wuku. The seven days in the basic image of Wuku are the homes of Sapta Wara, wewaran whose cycle is 7 days. In general, the Tika section consists of 30 wuku columns located at the top. Then on the side there are eight lines. Seven lines of the day or Saptawara and the eighth line is Ingkel. The shape of Tika also varies, some are made of wood, paper and cloth. The connection between the Tika Calendar and Jyotisha as the Science of Hindu Astronomy and Astrology which are very closely related to the all activities of Balinese Hinduism. </em></p> I Putu Wahyu Pratama Anggy Paramitha Sari Copyright (c) 2023 Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 14 2 176 183 10.25078/sphatika.v14i2.3054 Pendidikan Pradīkṣā dalam Lontar Putra Sasana https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika/article/view/2862 <p><em>Sulinggih should be able to become the main teacher for the community, therefore, he must have mature educational experience as well as a good reputation. Hinduism views education as a need for every human being as well as a dimension that is full of purity. When education is far from pure values, it will lose its benefits in forming a generation with noble character. Hinduism holds that education must be given to everyone without exception. However, Sulinggih candidates are required to undergo a more rigorous educational process with denser material. If this is the case, then a prospective sulinggih will automatically have a good reputation and be declared worthy to undergo the purification ritual as a sulinggih. </em><em>The further impact is that the quality of education that is born from this process makes all people as educated as possible. The influence of modernism and image worship then led to a reduction in the educational process for Sulinggih candidates. This has led to the emergence of cases of unscrupulous individuals who violate moral norms, religious norms, and even legal norms. In Lontar Putra Sesana, educational methods for Sulinggih candidates have been patterned, which include the dimensions of pedagogy, andragogy, and heutagogy. The aim of this research is to provide a reference for the correct educational pattern of Sulinggih candidates in Hinduism. This research method is of a qualitative type with an accent on library research. The findings of this research state that Lontar Putra Sesana contains the main teachings of pradīkṣā education, which begins at an early age until one is ready to undergo purification as a sulinggih.</em></p> I Putu Suweka Oka Sugiharta Kadek Dedy Herawan Copyright (c) 2023 Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 14 2 184 199 10.25078/sphatika.v14i2.2862 Bale Gading dalam Upacara Dewa Yajña: https://ojs.uhnsugriwa.ac.id/index.php/Sphatika/article/view/3107 <p><em>Hindus in Bali in carrying out the yajna ceremony still adhere to the teachings passed down by their ancestors and sometimes do not know the function and meaning of the ceremony. This is starting to be shaken by the critical minds of the younger generation who are starting to question why a ceremony is being carried out, therefore this research was conducted to discuss one of the types of ceremonies used in a yajna ceremony, namely the use of ivory bale in the god yajna ceremony. The form, function and meaning of using the ivory bale in the Dewa Yajna ceremony was studied using a qualitative descriptive method in which data were obtained from observation, document studies and interviews. The discussion begins with the definition and mythology of the ivory bale. Bale ivory is a small white and yellow bale whose function is to honor Sang Hyang Semara Ratih and has theological meaning, sociological meaning and ethical or ethical meaning in living life.</em></p> Anak Agung Ayu Alit Widyawati Acyutananda Wayan Gaduh Copyright (c) 2023 Sphatika: Jurnal Teologi 2023-11-22 2023-11-22 14 2 200 216 10.25078/sphatika.v14i2.3107