Keutamaan Ilmu Pengetahuan dalam Kakawin Puja Saraswati


  • Kadek Dedy Herawan Universitas Hindu Negeri I Gusti Bagus Sugriwa Denpasar



Pemuliaan, Ilmu Pengetahuan, Kakawin Puja Saraswati


In general in Hinduism between Wisdom and knowledge shows a very close relationship. Both terms are mainly used as aspects related to learning. The relationship can be causal or show confirmation. In the causal relationship, each learning process is stated to produce wisdom. Meanwhile, in the confirmation relationship, if the policy is not achieved in the learning process, the process must be rearranged. Mythologically and philosophically, knowledge of aspects of knowledge in Hinduism is addressed with the figure of Sarasvati. The goddess of beauty who is the consort of Lord Brahma is the theological binder for the wisdom of all forms of knowledge. This is contrary to the views of hedonists or materialists who tend to separate wisdom and science. Wisdom for such groups is stated to involve only a healthy dose of perspective and the ability to make sound judgments about a subject while knowledge is merely knowing. Everyone can become knowledgeable about a subject by reading, researching, and memorizing facts. However, wisdom is said to require more understanding and the ability to determine the relevant facts in certain situations. Wisdom is then interpreted only as maturity based on experience, evaluation, and certain lessons. As is the case now the word wisdom develops into error. For example, a policy holder is said to have been wise to his cronies even though it was done in a wrong way. Be knowledge only stagnant in the dimension of intelligence and further away from wisdom. One way out of such a disaster can be done by observing sacred texts that still maintain the integrality of knowledge and wisdom.